Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Walter Chatton

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[Revised entry by Rondo Keele and Jenny Pelletier on June 22, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Walter Chatton or more rarely "Catton" (c. 1290 - 1343) was an English theologian and philosopher who trained at Oxford around the same time as his famous colleague and frequent philosophical target, William of Ockham. More inclined to speculative metaphysics and less skeptical of reason than Ockham, Chatton was one of the most energetic and gifted critics of the influential brand of nominalism which arose in early fourteenth-century England around Ockham. As a constructive...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Dispositions

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[Revised entry by Sungho Choi and Michael Fara on June 22, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, supplement.html] A glass has certain dispositions, for example the disposition to shatter when struck. But what is this disposition? It seems on the one hand to be a perfectly real property, a genuine respect of similarity common to glasses, china cups, and anything else fragile. Yet on the other hand, the glass's disposition seems mysterious, 'ethereal' (as Goodman (1954) put it) in a way that, say, its size and shape are not. For its disposition, it seems, has to do only with its possibly shattering in...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Dialetheism

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[Revised entry by Graham Priest, Francesco Berto, and Zach Weber on June 22, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] A dialetheia is a sentence, (A), such that both it and its negation, (neg A), are true. If falsity is assumed to be the truth of negation, a dialetheia is a sentence which is both true and false. Such a sentence is, or has, what is called a truth value glut, in distinction to a gap, a sentence that is neither true nor false. (We shall talk of sentences throughout this entry; but one could run the definition in terms of propositions, statements, or whatever one takes as one's favourite truth-bearer: this would make little difference in the context.)...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Jean-Paul Sartre's Anarchist Philosophy

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2018.06.25 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews William L. Remley, Jean-Paul Sartre's Anarchist Philosophy, Bloomsbury, 2018, 277 pp., $114.00, ISBN 9791350048249. Reviewed by Steven Hendley, Birmingham-Southern College Was Sartre an anarchist? William L. Remley attempts to convince us that he was, despite the pervasive tendency in the literature to see Sartre's political philosophy, especially in his major opus, the Critique of Dialectical Reason, as a critical appropriation of Marxism, an existential Marxism, as it is often put. After all, Sartre saw himself in that book as working within the Marxist tradition, broadly understood, providing what may be understood as an internal critique of it. And Remley does not deny that. But once Sartre's critical modifications are made to his otherwise Marxist understanding of history, Remley argues that the results are better understood as a continuation of themes dominant in anarchist political philosophy, in. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

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