Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Shooting to Kill: The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force

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2018.05.13 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Seumas Miller, Shooting to Kill: The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force, Oxford University Press, 2016, 294 pp., $39.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780190626143. Reviewed by David Killoren, Australian Catholic University Seumas Miller is one of the rare philosophers who are able to give serious attention to real-world problems while also doing the kind of theoretical work that is necessary in order to shed distinctively philosophical light on these problems. In his new book on the ethics of police and military killing, Miller moves easily and gracefully from abstract theoretical arguments to real-world cases and back again. In my view, Miller's work demonstrates the potential of philosophy to matter for the real world without sacrificing analytic rigor. For that reason, I hope that this book will be read by many people, including many moral philosophers, and not just those who work specifically on issues in. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Kósmos Noetós

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2018.05.12 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Ivo Assad Ibri, Kósmos Noetós: The Metaphysical Architecture of Charles S. Peirce, Springer, 2017, 114 pp., $89.99 (hbk), ISBN 9873319663135. Reviewed by Rosa M. Calcaterra, Roma Tre University The English translation from the Portuguese language edition of Ivo Assad Ibri's pioneering book is very welcome news for the international community of scholars of Charles S. Peirce as well as a precious enrichment of the classic Anglo-American bibliography in the field. According to the original intention of its author, this work proves to be a "heuristic adventure" (xiii) through some of Peirce's writings which were still somewhat unexplored at that time of its first publication (1992). The great value of this book is to foster an integrated and systemic approach to Peirce's works routed through his scientific metaphysics. Ibri contends that the ontological architecture of Peirce's philosophy allows a more. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Paradoxes of Time Travel

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2018.05.11 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Ryan Wasserman, Paradoxes of Time Travel, Oxford University Press, 2018, 240pp., $60.00, ISBN 9780198793335. Reviewed by John W. Carroll, North Carolina State Wasserman's book fills a gap in the academic literature on time travel. The gap was hidden among the journal articles on time travel written by physicists for physicists, the popular books on time travel by physicists for the curious folk, the books on the history of time travel in science fiction intended for a range of scholarly audiences, and the journal articles on time travel written for and by metaphysicians and philosophers of science. There are metaphysics books on time that give some attention to time travel, but, as far as I know, this is the first book length work devoted to the topic of time travel by a metaphysician homed in on the most important metaphysical issues. Wasserman addresses... Read More

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

How Victorian essayists used tact to come up with a creative rather than controlling, playful rather than violent way of handling not only other people but also the world and its objects

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How Victorian essayists used tact to come up with a creative rather than controlling, playful rather than violent way of handling not only other people but also the world and its objects

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Contextualizing Knowledge

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2018.05.10 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa, Contextualizing Knowledge, Oxford University Press, 2017, 288pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199682706. Reviewed by Bernhard Salow, Trinity College Cambridge Epistemic contextualism holds that "know" picks out different relations when uttered in different contexts. The "knowledge first" program maintains that phenomena such as evidence, justification, warranted assertion, or rational action should be understood in terms of knowledge. The thesis of this book is that these two ideas are compatible, even mutually supporting. Along the way to defending this thesis, Ichikawa offers new and interesting accounts of counterfactuals, evidence, justification, the epistemic norms governing action and assertion, and the nature of belief; clarifies a host of issues surrounding epistemic contextualism; and makes important contributions to the debate about epistemic internalism. Chapter 1 lays out. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

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