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Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Mathematics

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[New Entry by Mohammad Saleh Zarepour on April 9, 2022.]
Philosophy of pure mathematics deals with two major groups of questions. One pertains to the ontology of mathematical entities and the other to the epistemology of mathematical concepts and judgments (Avigad 2007). The nature and existence of mathematical objects (e.g., numbers and geometrical shapes), the existence and qualifications of infinities (e.g., infinite magnitudes and infinite collections of numbers or numbered things), and the existence and qualifications of continua are some of the most significant ontological issues with…

Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More

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