J. Adam Carter, Autonomous knowledge: radical enhancement, autonomy, and the future of knowing, Oxford University Press, 2022, 176pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780192846921.
Reviewed by Chris Tweedt, Christopher Newport University
J. Adam Carter argues knowledge is more than justified, true, non-Gettiered belief; knowledge also requires an additional component that is not reducible to the others: autonomy. Knowledge must be the subject’s knowledge; it must have come about by the subject, not compelled by an external device. Carter argues for the need for an independent autonomy component to both propositional knowledge and know-how (Chs. 1, 4), articulates what the autonomy condition involves (Chs. 2, 4), provides an account of knowledge defeat that is tied to autonomy (Ch. 3), and gives reasons concerning how autonomy contributes additional value to knowledge (Ch. 5).
This work is not only an important contribution to the analysis of knowledge; it has practical import. Technological advances such as…
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