[Revised entry by Steven Nadler on November 8, 2023.
Changes to: Bibliography]
Bento (in Hebrew, Baruch; in Latin, Benedictus) Spinoza is one of the most important philosophers – and certainly the most radical – of the early modern period. His thought combines a commitment to a number of Cartesian metaphysical and epistemological principles with elements from ancient Stoicism, Hobbes, and medieval Jewish rationalism into a nonetheless highly original system. His extremely naturalistic views on God, the world, the human being and knowledge serve to ground a moral philosophy centered on the control…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More