Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Universitätsprofessur für Musikästhetik

Job List:  Europe Name of institution:  Kunstuniversität Graz | University of the Arts Graz Town:  Graz Country:  Austria Job Description:  An der Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Graz, Institut für Musikästhetik, gelangt ab dem Wintersemester 2020/21 eine Universitätsprofessur für Musikästhetik gemäß § 99 des Universitätsgesetzes und § 25 des Kollektivvertrages für die Arbeitnehmer_innen der Universitäten in Form eines teilbeschäftigten vertraglichen Dienstverhältnisses mit einem Beschäftigungsausmaß von 75 % einer Vollbeschäftigung befristet auf 10 Monate zur Besetzung. Sie dient der Vertretung der Lehre und Forschung von Univ.Prof. [More]

Sarah Moss Wins Sanders Epistemology Prize

Sarah Moss, professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan, has won the 2019 Sanders Prize in Epistemology. The Sanders Prize in Epistemology is awarded for the best submitted essay of original research in epistemology by either a scholar who is within fifteen years of receiving a Ph.D. or a current graduate student. Professor Moss won the prize for her essay, “Knowledge and Legal Proof.” Here’s the paper’s abstract: Contemporary legal scholarship on evidence and proof addresses a host of apparently disparate questions: What does it take to prove a fact beyond a reasonable doubt? Why is the reasonable doubt standard notoriously elusive, even sometimes considered by courts to be impossible to define? Can the standard of proof by a preponderance of the evidence be defined in terms of probability thresholds? Why is merely statistical evidence often insufficient to meet the burden of proof? This paper defends an account of proof that addresses each of these questions. Where existing theories take a piecemeal approach to these puzzles, my theory develops a core insight that unifies them—namely, the thesis that legal proof requires knowledge. Although this thesis may seem radical at first, I argue that it is in fact highly intuitive; in fact, the knowledge account of legal proof does better than several competing accounts when it comes to making sense of our intuitive judgments about what legal proof requires. The prize is $5,000 and [More]

Laughter, Humor, and Comedy in Ancient Philosophy

2019.12.10 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Pierre Destrée and Franco V. Trivigno (eds.), Laughter, Humor, and Comedy in Ancient Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2019, 286pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190460549. Reviewed by David Konstan, New York University    THIS IS NDPR'S LAST REVIEW FOR 2019. WE WILL RESUME PUBLICATION ON JANUARY 12, 2020. HAPPY HOLIDAYS AND A MERRY NEW YEAR TO ALL OUR READERS!                                                 Laughter and humor take various forms. The warm, inclusive mirth shared by family and friends is palpably different from mockery or a smirk at an enemy's discomfiture. Then there is the sympathetic, almost existential pleasure aroused by jokes at one's own expense, which provide relief from the poses that society demands. The ancient Greek and Roman... Read [More]

“This Bill Would Create a Crime”: Time, State Practices, and the California Gender Recognition Act

by Marie Draz On October 15, 2017, the California Gender Recognition Act (CGRA) was signed into law. It went into effect on January 1, 2019. The CGRA adds a third gender option— designated as the “non-binary option” and marked with the letter “x”— for all state-issued identity documents. Notably, the legislation also removes several barriers [More]

Charity Fundraising Contest for Academics

Three years ago, a group of graduate students in philosophy set up an fundraiser in which philosophy departments could compete to raise money for a charity. They supported an anti-malaria organization the first year and an anti-factory-farming the next. This year, the competition is not between philosophy departments, but between schools, for academics in any field. The fundraiser—“Academics Against Factory Farming“—supports The Humane League, which “fights factory farming by persuading individuals and organizations to adopt behaviors and policies that reduce farmed animal suffering.” It earned a “top charity” review from Animal Charity Evaluators. The fundraiser competition is easy to take part in. Just go to the page and click “become a fundraiser.” From there, you can join your university’s team or create a team for your university. (After you donate, be sure to spread the word among your colleagues.) The fundraiser goes just until the end of this month. Now is an especially effective time to donate to The Humane League, as they have a sponsor who will be matching all donations until December 31st. Click here to take part in the fundraising effort. Trevor McCarty, a graduate student in philosophy at the University of Michigan and one of the organizers of the fundraiser, says more about the fundraiser here. (via Kathryn Pogin and Trevor McCarty) The post Charity Fundraising Contest for Academics appeared [More]

Some of our basic verbs: “drink”

Last week, I discussed the origin of the verb eat, which probably has the same root as the ancient Indo-European name of the tooth. Time will tell whether my idea to devote a few posts to such basic verbs will arouse any interest, but I decided to try again. So today the story will be devoted to the verb drink. The post Some of our basic verbs: “drink” appeared first on [More]