[Revised entry by Peter Vanderschraaf and Giacomo Sillari on August 5, 2022.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html]
A proposition (A) is mutual knowledge among a set of agents if each agent knows that (A). Mutual knowledge by itself implies nothing about what, if any, knowledge anyone attributes to anyone else. Suppose each student arrives for a class meeting knowing that the instructor will be late. That the instructor will be late is mutual knowledge, but each student might think only she knows the instructor will be late. However, if one of the students says openly “Peter told me he will be late again,” then each student…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More