[Revised entry by Susanne Bobzien and Matthew Duncombe on August 9, 2023.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography]
The ‘Dialectical School’ denotes a group of early Hellenistic philosophers that were loosely connected by philosophizing in the – Socratic – tradition of Eubulides of Miletus and by their interest in logical paradoxes, propositional logic and dialectical expertise. Its two best-known members, Diodorus Cronus and Philo the Logician, made ground-breaking contributions to the development of theories of conditionals and modal logic. Philo introduced a version of material implication; Diodorus devised a…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More