[Revised entry by David Konstan on July 8, 2022.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography]
The philosophy of Epicurus (341 – 270 B.C.E.) was a complete and interdependent system, involving a view of the goal of human life (happiness, resulting from absence of physical pain and mental disturbance), an empiricist theory of knowledge (sensations, together with the perception of pleasure and pain, are infallible criteria), a description of nature based on atomistic materialism, and a naturalistic account of evolution, from the formation of the world to the emergence of human societies. Epicurus believed that, on the basis…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More