“In former times when Yao ruled the world, he handed out no rewards, and yet the people worked hard;…”

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“In former times when Yao ruled the world, he handed out no rewards, and yet the people worked hard; he handed out no punishments, and yet the people were cautious. Now you reward and punish, and still the people fail to do good. From now on, Virtue will decay; from now on, penalties will prevail. The disorder of future ages will have its beginning here!”

Zhuangzi, The Complete Works of Zhuangzi, Watson tr. (Ch 12)

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