Philo of Alexandria

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[Revised entry by Carlos Lévy on August 16, 2022.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography]
Philo of Alexandria is a Jewish thinker who lived in Alexandria in the first half of the first century BCE (Hadas Lebel 2012). Whether he really was a philosopher is a question still debated at length. At the beginning of the Roman Empire, especially for the Stoics and the Cynics, the fundamental task of a philosopher was the construction of his own self (Foucault 2001). A man who sought to improve himself had to first regulate his own nature, controlling his passions and emotions and eliminating any gap between theory and practice. He was…

Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More

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