[Revised entry by Donald Zeyl and Barbara Sattler on May 13, 2022.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html]
In the Timaeus Plato presents an elaborately wrought account of the formation of the universe and an explanation of its impressive order and beauty. The universe, he proposes, is the product of rational, purposive, and beneficent agency. It is the handiwork of a divine Craftsman (“Demiurge,” demiourgos, 28a6) who, imitating an unchanging and eternal model, imposes mathematical order on a preexistent chaos to generate the ordered universe (kosmos). The governing explanatory principle of the…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More