Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

John Anderson

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[Revised entry by Creagh McLean Cole on November 29, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] John Anderson (1893 - 1962) was a Scottish philosopher who worked primarily in Australia. In 1927 he was appointed to the Challis Chair of Philosophy at the University of Sydney and occupied this position until his retirement in 1958. In relative isolation he developed a distinctive realist philosophy which was inspirational for generations of students at Sydney. While developing this position, he carried most of the teaching load in philosophy at the university, wrote the articles for which he is primarily known, and as contributor and editor kept the Australasian Journal of Psychology and...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Sanders Prize in Metaphysics

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The deadline for the 2018 Sanders Prize in Metaphysics is upcoming. The prize recognizes outstanding work from younger scholars (<15 years after receiving a PhD). The winning essay earns a $10,000 prize and is published in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Submissions are due January 31st, 2018.  More details can be found here: http://www.marcsandersfoundation.org/sanders-prizes/metaphysics/.

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News source: The Prosblogion

Contrastive Reasons

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2017.11.25 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Justin Snedegar, Contrastive Reasons, Oxford University Press, 2017, 149pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198785934. Reviewed by Hallvard Lillehammer, University of London Suppose I think the fact that I will soon be fired is a reason for me not to touch my savings. That's an obvious thought to have. Suppose I also think the fact that I will soon be fired is a reason for me not to touch my savings rather than to blow them all on drink. Another obvious thought to have. Now suppose I think the fact that I will soon be fired is a reason for me not to touch my savings rather than invest them in acquiring new skills. That sounds less obvious. The reasons I can plausibly consider myself to have would seem to depend on particular features of the context. Yet how, exactly, do reasons... Read More

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Hume's Science of Human Nature: Scientific Realism, Reason, and Substantial Explanation

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2017.11.24 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews David Landy, Hume's Science of Human Nature: Scientific Realism, Reason, and Substantial Explanation, Routledge, 2017, 278pp., $140.00, ISBN 9781138503137. Reviewed by Hsueh Qu, National University of Singapore If we are to view the Treatise of Human Nature as a systematic and cohesive work, we must see Hume's varied investigations as following a consistent and cogent methodology. What is the nature of this methodology? This is the question that David Landy looks to answer in his latest book. Broadly, this monograph argues for a novel take on Hume's understanding of scientific explanation, which undergirds his investigation of the human mind. Crucial to this methodology is the notion of a 'perceptible model' (p.4), involving an experiential model for theoretical posits, with the determinate respects of similarity and differences from concrete experience made clear (akin to Bohr's model of the atom). In. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Nicolas Malebranche

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[Revised entry by Tad Schmaltz on November 28, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The French Cartesian Nicolas Malebranche was hailed by his contemporary, Pierre Bayle, as "the premier philosopher of our age." Over the course of his philosophical career, Malebranche published major works on metaphysics, theology, and ethics, as well as studies of optics, the laws of motion and the nature of color. He is known principally for offering a highly original synthesis of the views of his intellectual heroes, St. Augustine and Rene Descartes....

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Greek Sources in Arabic and Islamic Philosophy

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[Revised entry by Cristina D'Ancona on November 28, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] To some extent, scholars disagree about the role of the Greek sources in Arabic and Islamic philosophy (henceforth falsafa, the Arabic loan word for pilosopίa).[1] While acknowledging the existence of a Greek heritage, those who consider the Qur'an and the Islamic tradition as the main source of inspiration for...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Scientific Revolutions

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[Revised entry by Thomas Nickles on November 28, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The topic of scientific revolutions has been philosophically important since Thomas Kuhn's account in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962, 1970). Kuhn's death in 1996 and the fiftieth anniversary of Structure in 2012 have renewed attention to the issues raised by his work. It is controversial whether or not there have been any revolutions in the strictly Kuhnian sense. It is also controversial what exactly a Kuhnian revolution is, or would be. Although talk of revolution is often exaggerated, most...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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