Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Richard Foley answers questions on the culture of research in academia

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Due to current political climate, questions on funding, and dwindling enrollment size, academia has never been as challenged as it is today. Richard Foley, a philosopher and former dean, pushes back against these critiques. He spoke to Oxford University Press editor, Peter Ohlin, on why the arts, humanities, and sciences research should be celebrated. Ohlin: Much of your recent research on the differences between the sciences and humanities is similar to C.P Snow’s famous essay from half a century ago, but you also issue a call for universities to defend a culture of research. What do you mean by “culture of research”? Foley: Above all it’s a culture that treasures and finds ways to support intellectual achievements, especially long-term ones. Among its presiding values is that not every inquiry should be assessed in terms of immediate usefulness. Many topics are such that it shouldn’t be quick and easy to have opinions about them. Ohlin: Why is it important for universities to. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

David

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[Revised entry by Christian Wildberg on May 18, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] 'David' is named in certain manuscripts of three works of philosophy as their author: a set of introductory lectures on philosophy, a commentary on Porphyry's Introduction, and a commentary on Aristotle's Categories that nowadays is attributed to Elias. The name is commonly taken, on the basis of evidence internal to these works, to refer to a Christian Neoplatonic philosopher and commentator who presumably worked in Alexandria in the...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Olympiodorus

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[Revised entry by Christian Wildberg on May 18, 2018. Changes to: Bibliography] Olympiodorus of Alexandria, presumably a late pupil of Ammonius Hermeiou, the commentator on Aristotle and teacher of Simplicius and Philoponus, was one of the last pagans to teach philosophy at the school of Alexandria in the 6th century. In his lectures, he interpreted classical philosophical texts, mainly by Plato and Aristotle; we still possess three of his commentaries on Plato and two on Aristotle. At times, these seem to be carefully crafted pieces of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Neo-Kantianism

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[New Entry by Jeremy Heis on May 18, 2018.] Neo-Kantianism was the dominant philosophical movement in Germany from roughly 1870 until the First World War. This movement drew inspiration from a diverse cast of philosophers - principally, Kuno Fischer (Fischer 1860), Hermann von Helmholtz (Helmholtz 1867, 1878), Friedrich Lange (Lange 1866), Otto Liebmann (Liebmann 1865), and Eduard Zeller (Zeller 1862)) - who in the middle of the nineteenth century were calling for a return to Kant's philosophy as an alternative to both speculative metaphysics and materialism (Beiser...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge: Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science

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2018.05.16 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Sorin Bangu (ed.), Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge: Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science, Routledge, 2018, 305 pp., $140.00, ISBN 9781138244108. Reviewed by A.C. Paseau, Oxford University Frege expelled the psychological from the logical. More precisely, he redirected interest away from descriptive-psychological concerns and toward normative ones. Under his influence, philosophers have tended to ask not how we actually reason mathematically or logically, but rather how we ought to reason. In contrast, psychologists and cognitive scientists have vigorously pursued the un- and anti-Fregean investigation of how human beings in fact reason. Their research of the past few decades has generated a wealth of findings and hypotheses about what goes on in mathematical, especially numerical, cognition. In the name of 'cooperative naturalism', Sorin Bangu has put together a first-rate. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

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