Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

The Social Life of Reason

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2018.05.15 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Andrew Feenberg, Technosystem: The Social Life of Reason, Harvard University Press, 2017, 235 pp., $35.00, ISBN 9780674971783. Reviewed by Claudio Corradetti, University of Rome, Tor Vergata Andrew Feenberg has a life research project, namely, the revival of critical theory in line with the premises of the first generation of the Frankfurt School. In this book he moves to reflecting carefully on advanced industrial societies, a topic already addressed by Marcuse, Feenberg's master, in his most celebrated work One-Dimensional Man (1964). For Marcuse, in advanced industrial societies, technological rationality is political rationality.[1] This assumption is also at the basis of Feenberg's proposal. Accordingly, Feenberg wants to renew reflection on advanced industrial societies by appealing to a new conceptual socio-political category: the technosystem. But what specifically does he mean by. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Experiment in Biology

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[Revised entry by Marcel Weber on May 17, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Like the philosophy of science in general, the philosophy of biology has traditionally been mostly concerned with theories. For a variety of reasons, the theory that has by far attracted the most interest is evolutionary theory. There was a period in the philosophy of biology when this field was almost identical with the philosophy of evolutionary theory, especially if debates on the nature of species are included in this area. From the 1960s almost until the 1990s, basically the only non-evolutionary topic discussed was the issue of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Designing in Ethics

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2018.05.14 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jeroen van den Hoven, Seumas Miller, and Thomas Pogge (eds.), Designing in Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 231 pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN: 9780521119467. Reviewed by Norbert Paulo, University of Graz/University of Salzburg When I picked up this book for the first time, I didn't have a clear idea what "designing in ethics" is all about. After reading it, I'm still wondering whether it is, as the editors claim, a new development in ethics or merely a mixed-bag of applied ethics and non-ideal social/political philosophy as far as they concern institutional design. The chapters in this book cover a wide range of fields, including rather theoretical criticism of Trolleyology, more practical discussions of microfinance institutions and police corruption, somewhat utopian ideas for large-scale pacifism, and a call for architects to design beautiful buildings. I will briefly outline each chapter in turn,. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Arabic and Islamic Metaphysics

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[Revised entry by Amos Bertolacci on May 16, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Among the philosophical disciplines transmitted to the Arabic and Islamic world from the Greeks, metaphysics was of paramount importance, as its pivotal role in the overall history of the transmission of Greek thought into Arabic makes evident. The beginnings of Arabic philosophy coincide with the production of the first extensive translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics, within the circle of translators associated with the founder of Arabic philosophy, al-Kindī. The so-called "early" or...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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