[Revised entry by Sylvia Berryman on January 7, 2023.
Changes to: Bibliography]
Democritus, known in antiquity as the ‘laughing philosopher’ because of his emphasis on the value of ‘cheerfulness,’ was one of the two founders of ancient atomist theory. He elaborated a system originated by his teacher Leucippus into a materialist account of the natural world. The atomists held that there are smallest indivisible bodies from which everything else is composed, and that these move about in an infinite void. Of the ancient materialist accounts of the natural world which…
Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More