Medieval Theories of Practical Reason

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[Revised entry by Anthony Celano on November 21, 2022.
Changes to: Main text, Bibliography]
Medieval theories of moral reasoning have their origins in the moral theology of St. Augustine and the rational ethics of Aristotle. Until the thirteenth century Augustine’s responses to questions concerning free will, predestination, the nature of goodness, and divine freedom dominated moral speculation in the Latin West. For Augustine morality demands the human will’s conformity to the prescriptions of the immutable, necessary and eternal law. Augustine argues in his work on free will that the eternal law “is called…

Originally appeared on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Read More

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